Dental trauma is an injury to the mouth. You may have a cracked or chipped tooth. Or, you may have a tooth that has fallen out.

Dental trauma may be inflicted in a number of ways: contact sports, motor vehicle accidents, fights, falls, eating hard foods, drinking hot liquids, and other such mishaps. As oral tissues are highly sensitive, injuries to the mouth are typically very painful. Dental trauma should receive prompt treatment from a dentist.

Soft tissue injuries, such as a fat lip, a burned tongue, or a cut inside the cheek, are characterized by pain, redness, and swelling with or without bleeding. A broken tooth often has a sharp edge that may cut the tongue and cheek. Depending on the position of the fracture, the tooth may or may not cause toothache pain.
Sometimes only a small chip will come off the edge of your tooth. Other times the tooth will crack or break off close to your gums. You may not have pain if you lost a small chip from your tooth. You may feel pain if your tooth cracks down to the soft tissue inside. Your gum will bleed if the tooth comes out.

Medications & Treatments
Soft tissue injuries may require only cold compresses to reduce swelling. Bleeding may be controlled with direct pressure applied with clean gauze. Deep lacerations and punctures may require stitches. Pain may be managed with aspirin or acetaminophen or ibuprofen .Treatment of a broken tooth will vary depending on the severity of the fracture. For immediate first aid, the injured tooth and surrounding area should be rinsed gently with warm water to remove dirt, then covered with a cold compress to reduce swelling and ease pain. A dentist should examine the injury as soon as possible. Any pieces from the broken tooth should be saved and brought along.
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